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Monday, July 22, 2019

Remembering Chandra Shekhar Azad on his 113th Birthday

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Remembering Chandra Shekhar Azad on his 113th Birthday

Chandra Shekhar Azad was born as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari on 23 July 1906 in Bhabhra village, in the present-day Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. He was popularly known as by his self-taken name Azad, meaning – “The Free”.

Azad was a 15-year-old student, when he got arrested for the first time since he participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement launched by Gandhi Ji. On being presented before a magistrate, he gave his name as “Azad” (The Free), his father’s name as “Swatantrata”, Independence and his residence as “Jail”. From that day he came to be known as Chandra Shekhar Azad among the people.

In 1922, after suspension of the non-cooperation movement by Gandhi Ji, Azad became more aggressive. He met a young revolutionary, Manmath Nath Gupta, who introduced him to Ram Prasad Bismil who had formed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organisation. He then became an active member of the HSRA and started to collect funds for HRA. Most of the fund collection was used to be from government property.

He reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) after they lost its founder Ram Prasad Bismil and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan.

On 27 February 1931, Azad died at Alfred Park in Allahabad, now Prayagraj. He was wounded in the process of defending himself and Sukhdev Raj and killed three policemen and wounded others. His actions made it possible for Sukhdev Raj to escape. After a long shootout, he was succumbed to the injuries caused by police bullets which is evident from his postmortem report. The Colt pistol of Chandra Shekhar Azad is displayed at the Allahabad Museum.

Chandrashekhar, the 2018 television series chronicles the life of Chandra Shekhar Azad from his childhood to the legendary revolutionary leader. In the series young Chandrashekar Azad was portrayed by Ayaan Zubair, Azad in his teens by Dev Joshi and Adult Azad by Karan Sharma.

Published by Lokendra Sharma on 22 Jul 2019

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